A cheap way to visit one of the top birding sites in the World: Gamboa and the Soberania N.P. (Panama)

I visited the Soberania National Park with my girlfriend, sleeping in a very nice B&B of Gamboa and exploring in loneliness the forest trails: a cheap way to discover what is considered one of the top birding areas in the World, with an incredible list of more than 500 reported species of birds.

First of all: how to get there? During our visit, in April 2019, there was a very authentic Panamanian bus leaving from Albrook station of Panama City at least every two hours between 6.00 a.m. and 7.00 p.m (since 4.30 a.m. on working days) and reaching Gamboa in about 45 minutes.

About the accommodation, we consulted a number of bed&breakfasts of Gamboa, because the resorts where usually sleep the birders (Gamboa Rainforest Resort and Canopy Tower) were out of the budget. It finally resulted that the cheapest solution was Miriam’s house, advertised on “airbnb”, for about 40 USD per night.

I’ve to say that we found this choice incredibly rewarding, because the hosts, Miriam and Kamir, were particularly friendly, helpful and familiar, the room was very pretty and equipped with conditioned air, the shared bathroom rather clean (even if without hot water) and… the food was possibly the best we had during all the holiday in Panama!

The two ladies offered in fact breakfast for 5 USD and a rich dinner for 10 USD while, for lunches, we went shopping in some mini-markets of the village.

The reason to visit Gamboa was that the surrounding areas wereconsidered one of the most accessible examples of rain-forests in the World, very near to the capital Panama City and with a reasonably limited number of risks caused by venomous or dangerous creatures.

We spent there 4 days overall, visiting a number of different localities among those mentioned in many different sources. Probably the most useful one was this PDF that lists birding sites and most of the species that can be seen nearby the village: “Gamboa full check-list 2017.pdf”.

This photo-report will describe shortly, one by one, the 9 different places we explored.

1 – Lake Gatún and Monkey island

We booked an excursion by boat to the island of the monkeys through Miriam: she found the sailor and gave us a lift to the dock on the left side of the Chagres river. We asked to come back after the sunset, in order to look for nocturnal species along the banks but, at the end, the tour lasted less than the promised 4 hours and we came back at dusk.

Never mind, because the tour headed first to the west, following the canal, to wider areas of the lake Gatún and more intimate marshes and ponds, and then came back to have a look to the village of the indigenous comunity Emberà, “Ella Puru“, along the rio Changres, revealing particularly productive.

We observed in fact a lot of interesting species, first of all some American Crocodiles (Crocodylus acutus), one of the main targets, Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth (Bradypus variegatus), Mantled Howler Monkey (Alouatta palliata), Central American Agouti (Dasyprocta punctata), Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga), Limpkin (Aramus guarauna), Great Black Hawk (Buteogallus urubitinga), Osprey (Pandion haliaetus), Wattled Jacana (Jacana jacana), Keel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus), Common Basilisk (Basiliscus basiliscus), Mesoamerican Slider (Trachemys venusta) and many more.

But the true stars of the journey have been, however, the Geoffroy’s Tamarins (Saguinus geoffroyi) that, used to get some fruit from the boats, came into our too from the branches of their island, showing very closely their amazing varicoloured coat!

American Crocodile (Crocodylus acutus)
Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth (Bradypus variegatus)
American Crocodile (Crocodylus acutus)
Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga)
Mangrove Swallow (Tachycineta albilinea)
Limpkin (Aramus guarauna)
Mesoamerican Slider (Trachemys venusta)
Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)
Geoffroy’s Tamarin (Saguinus geoffroyi)
Geoffroy’s Tamarin (Saguinus geoffroyi)
Geoffroy’s Tamarin (Saguinus geoffroyi)
Common Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)
Snail Kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis), juvenile
Black-bellied Whistling-Ducks (Dendrocygna autumnalis) and Muscovy Ducks Cairina moschata)
Central American Agouti (Dasyprocta punctata)
American Crocodile (Crocodylus acutus)
Great Black Hawk (Buteogallus urubitinga)
Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea), juvenile
Ella Puru, the village of the indigenous people Emberá

2 – Pipeline trail (“Camino del oleoducto”)

This is probably the best known trail of Gamboa because of richness of birds: apparently more than 400 species were reported along this walk that penetrates for 24 km through the forest, with not rarely counts of 100 species in a single day.

Personally, including just the trail, I had about 50 species in total, but clearly my experience of Neotropical birds was limited and most of the sounds of the forest were unknown to me.

What we did was to leave very early in the dawn from Gamboa and to walk to the beginning of the trail (about 2 km) and, from there, to continue for about 4,5 km to the bridge over Rio Frijoles. Then the heat made the walk too strenuous, so we decided to come back.

The early start allowed to spot 2 amazing Panamanian Night Monkeys (Aotus zonalis) crossing above the trail and a nice pair of Broad-billed Motmots (Electron platyrhynchum), but generally in the tropics nothing moves during the mid hours, so it’s important to be in the field when the animals are active, meaning early in the morning or late in the afternoon.

Other very interesting founds were: 3 Northern Tamanduas (Tamandua mexicana), Mantled Howler Monkey (Alouatta palliata), Panamanian White-faced Capuchin (Cebus imitator), White-nosed Coati (Nasua narica), Central American Agouti (Dasyprocta punctata), Grey-headed Kite (Leptodon cayanensis), Double-toothed Kite (Harpagus bidentatus), Crane Hawk (Geranospiza caerulescens), Great Potoo (Nyctibius grandis), 3 species of trogons, Broad-billed Motmot (Electron platyrhynchum), White-whiskered Puffbird (Malacoptila panamensis), 3 species of toucans, 4 species of woodpeckers, Bicolored Antbird (Gymnopithys bicolor), Blue-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix coronata), Purple-throated Fruitcrow (Querula purpurata), White-breasted Wood-wren (Henicorhina leucosticta), Dusky Owl-Butterfly (Caligo illioneus), the moth Epidesma ursula, etc.

Panamanian Night Monkey (Aotus zonalis)
Hotlips (Psychotria poeppigiana)
Double-toothed Kite (Harpagus bidentatus)
Yellow-throated Toucan (Ramphastos ambiguus)
Mantled Howler Monkey (Alouatta palliata)
White-whiskered Puffbird (Malacoptila panamensis)
Speckled Mourner (Laniocera rufescens)
Julia Heliconian (Dryas iulia)
Hermes Satyr (Hermeuptychia hermes)
Purple-throated Fruitcrow (Querula purpurata)
The bridge over Rio Frijoles
Blue-crowned Manakin (Lepidothrix coronata)
Large Woodskimmer (Uracis fastigiata)
Northern Tamandua (Tamandua mexicana)
Barnes’ Metalmark (Detritivora barnesi)
One of the many termite nests on the trees
Grey-headed Kite (Leptodon cayanensis)
Stinking Passionflower (Passiflora foetida)
Great Potoo (Nyctibius grandis)
Slaty-tailed Trogon (Trogon massena)
Plain Xenops (Xenops genibarbis)
Mantled Howler Monkeys (Alouatta palliata)
White-nosed Coati (Nasua narica)
Trogon caligatus (Gartered Trogon)
Masked Tityra (Tityra semifasciata)
White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi)
Collared Aracari (Pteroglossus torquatus)
Cinnamon Woodpecker (Celeus loricatus)
White-nosed Coati (Nasua narica)
White-tailed Trogon (Trogon chionurus)
Mantled Howler Monkey (Alouatta palliata)
Black-cheeked Woodpecker (Melanerpes pucherani)
Central American Agouti (Dasyprocta punctata)

3 – Panama Rainforest Discovery Center

The access of this area costs to the foreigners 30 USD dollars, but it was worth especially because of the presence of a nice feeding station for the hummingbirds, although the light was rather tricky for the photography, with subjects often shaded by the roof of the hut and very bright background in the sunshine.

The canopy tower, instead, despite the impressive height (32 m), disappointed me a lot, because we were there at sunrise but we din’t notice much bird activity, with only about ten species of birds around. Possibly we were just unlucky, who knows, but I couldn’t take a single close photo and we could just spot few far birds in the foliage or in flight like Scaled Pigeon (Patagioenas speciosa), Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus), Blue Dacnis (Dacnis cayana) and the wonderful Green Honeycreeper (Chlorophanes spiza).

A couple of short trails led to a clearing with a pond and marshy meadows: a good view point from which spot birds coming to the edge of the forest or along the water, among which we had White-throated Crake (Laterallus albigularis), Wattled Jacana (Jacana jacana), Snail Kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis), Greater Ani (Crotophaga major) and Yellow-rumped Cacique (Cacicus cela).

Overall, during a morning, we had more than 30 species of birds, including 7 species of hummingbirds, plus Great Tinamou (Tinamus major), Black-breasted Puffbird (Notharchus pectoralis), Dot-winged Antwren (Microrhopias quixensis), Black-chested Jay (Cyanocorax affinis) and Song Wren (Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus).

Song Wren (Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus)
The top of the tower of the Rainforest Discovery Center
Yellow-headed Caracaras (Milvago chimachima)
The canopy from the tower
A reed-stemmed Epidendrum orchid (Epidendrum flexuosum)
Claret Pondhawk (Erythemis mithroides)
Tawny Pennant (Brachymesia herbida)
Scaled Pigeon (Patagioenas speciosa)
Blue-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia amabilis)
White-necked Jacobin (Florisuga mellivora), female
Crowned Woodnymph (Thalurania colombica), male
Violet-bellied Hummingbird (Juliamyia julie), male
Blue-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia amabilis)
White-necked Jacobin (Florisuga mellivora), male
Long-billed Hermit (Phaethornis longirostris)
An anoles lizard (Anolis apletophallus)
Moss on a leaf
Red Postman (Heliconius erato) on a Common Lantana (Lantana camara)
Black-breasted Puffbird (Notharchus pectoralis)
Spotted Antbird (Hylophylax naevioides), male
Panamanian White-faced Capuchin (Cebus imitator)
The beautiful pond in the clearing
Red-tailed Squirrel (Sciurus granatensis)
Panamanian White-faced Capuchin (Cebus imitator)
White-nosed Coati (Nasua narica)
Dot-winged Antwren (Microrhopias quixensis), female
Sara Longwing (Heliconius sara)

4 – Ammo Dump Pond

This small marsh, on the eastern side of the Panama canal, offers the possibility to look for some waterbirds, although the view, at the time of my visit, was limited by the aquatic vegetation that surrounded the few open mirrors. It might help to have a telescope to scan more carefully the area.

Birds we had there were: Rufescent Tiger Heron (Tigrisoma lineatum), Striated Heron (Butorides striata), White-throated Crake, Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinica), Wattled Jacana, Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis), etc.

Ammo Dump Pond
Rufescent Tiger Heron (Tigrisoma lineatum)
Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)
Smooth-billed Ani (Crotophaga ani)
Blue-black Grassquit (Volatinia jacarina)
Southern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
Variable Seedeater (Sporophila corvina)

5 – Miriam’s house and the village of Gamboa

The small village of Gamboa, built in order to host the canal workers, has maintained the old settlement of the beginning of XX century, called “Old Gamboa“, now almost uninhabited, but counts now tens of new beautiful houses, pretty asphalted roads sided by flowered trees and vast gardens and meadows.

Miriam’s house was located in the western side of Gamboa, in McFarlane Parkway, not far from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute: like other corners of the “new town”, faced a beautiful park with large trees and a lot of birds, many of those colorful such as Orange-chinned Parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis), Black-throated Mango (Anthracothorax nigricollis), White-necked Jacobin (Florisuga mellivora), Thick-billed Euphonia (Euphonia laniirostris), Crimson-backed Tanager (Ramphocelus dimidiatus) and Yellow-bellied Seedeater (Sporophila nigricollis).

Walking around the village of Gamboa, excluding the birds seen at the Ammo Dump Pond or nearby the Gamboa Rainforest Resort, described separately, we had about 40 species.

The Gamboa Catholic Church, apparently not so used recently…
Yellow-bellied Seedeater (Sporophila nigricollis)
Black-throated Mango (Anthracothorax nigricollis) feeding on flowers of Pink Poui (Tabebuia rosea)
Crimson-backed Tanager (Ramphocelus dimidiatus), male
Orange-chinned Parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis)
One of the beautiful roads sided by flowered trees
Red-legged Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes cyaneus), female or youngster
“God loves tourists, Jesus is love”, the advertise of the Union church of Gamboa
Asian House Gecko (Hemidactylus cfr. frenatus)
Blue-grey Tanager (Thraupis episcopus)
A local gardener
Two flowered trees planted in the gardens: Dipteryx oleifera and Vochysia ferruginea
Giant Crepe-myrtle (Lagerstroemia cfr. speciosa)
Northern Crested Caracaras (Caracara cheriway)
Piratic Flycatcher (Legatus leucophaius)
Ruddy Ground-dove (Columbina talpacoti)
The “Old Gamboa”

6 – La Chunga trail (“Sendero La Chunga”)

I gathered with this definition the series of short and flat trails that spread from the Gamboa Rainforest Resort and the Sloth Sanctuary, going through some groves and clearings and leading almost to Ella Puru, the Emberà village, to the Rio Changres shore.

We visited the Sloth Sanctuary as well, that hosted some Hoffmann’s Two-toed Sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni), rescued from various bad situations, the “Mariposario” (a butterfly cage), the orchids garden and the amphibian center. Something surely interesting but that doesn’t make you feel incredibly happy, if you prefer to observe the wildlife in the wild.

Along the trails, we had of interesting Pauraque (Nyctidromus albicollis), in the evening, Grey-headed Chachalaca (Ortalis cinereiceps), Bay Wren (Cantorchilus nigricapillus), Golden-collared Manakin (Manacus vitellinus) and Golden-hooded Tanager (Tangara larvata).

By the bay of rio Changres opposite of Ella Puru, instead, we observed, on the floating leaves of Dotleaf Waterlily (Nymphaea ampla) and Anchored Water Hyacinth (Pontederia azurea): Black-bellied Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis), Striated Heron, Purple Gallinule, Wattled Jacana and Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius).

House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)
Red-lored Amazon (Amazona autumnalis)
Common Blue Morpho (Morpho helenor) in the “mariposario”, while I often had in flight, around Gamboa, the Menelaus Blue Morpho (Morpho menelaus)
Grey-headed Chachalaca (Ortalis cinereiceps)
Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius)
Green Iguana (Iguana iguana)
Golden-hooded Tanager (Tangara larvata)
Yellow-headed Gecko (Gonatodes albogularis)
Bay Wren (Cantorchilus nigricapillus)
An anoles lizard (Anolis apletophallus)
Striated Heron (Butorides striata)
Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea)
An indigenous Emberà canoe in the Rio Chagres
Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinica)
Rio Chagres at sunset
Pauraque (Nyctidromus albicollis), by night

7 – Gamboa Rainforest Resort with its gardens

Miriam gave us a pass-card that allowed us to enter in the Gamboa Rainforest Resort and to use the swimming pool there, even if we were not guests of the hotel.

The view from the terrace, possibly drinking a wonderful cocktail called “Rainforest temtation”, was something memorable, because the panorama ranged over the Rio Changres, its forested islands and banks and stunning hills covered in huge trees.

Another good idea was to explore the wide gardens and meadows, where a lot of flowers and trees attracted birds, butterflies and, apparently, during the wet season, even Lesser Capybara (Hydrochoerus isthmius), unfortunately not seen during our visit.

What we noticed were streams of thousands of raptors on migration, at the beginning of April: most likely kites, but too far and high to tell with certainty what they were without a telescope.

View from the Rainforest Resort terrace
Lemon-rumped Tanager (Ramphocelus flammigerus icteronotus), female
Rio Chagres
Common Tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum cinereum)
Blue Dacnis (Dacnis cayana), female
Whooping Motmots (Momotus subrufescens)
Red-legged Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes cyaneus), male
Streaked Flycatcher (Myiodynastes maculatus)
Southern Lapwing (Vanellus chilensis)
A buckey (Junonia sp.)
Banded Orange (Heliconian Dryadula phaetusa)
Plain Longtail (Urbanus simplicius)
White Peacock (Anartia jatrophae)
Palm Tanager (Thraupis palmarum)
A banded skipper (Autochton sp.)
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl)
Ringed Kingfisher (Megaceryle torquata)
Common Basilisk (Basiliscus basiliscus)
Menander menander

8 – Plantation trail (“Camino de Plantación”)

This trail starts 7 km south-east of Gamboa and 1.5 km north-west of the Parque Summit, from the same junction from which starts the asphalted road to the Canopy Tower Resort and the Semaphore Hill, and climbs gently following the left side of the Río Masambi Chico.

Less popular than the Pipeline trail, still offers a chance to penetrate deeply into a well preserved rain-forest, with a rich wildlife.

Mammals we had included a group of White-nosed Coatis, many Central American Agoutis and a mix of Geoffroy’s Tamarins, Mantled Howler Monkeys and Panamanian White-faced Capuchins, seen all almost in the same spot.

Despite the late hour, being the second half of the morning, we counted quite a few species of birds, maybe not so showy, but definitely interesting such as: White-whiskered Puffbird (Malacoptila panamensis), Spot-crowned Antvireo (Dysithamnus puncticeps), Black-faced Antthrush (Formicarius analis), Golden-crowned Spadebill (Platyrinchus coronatus), Olivaceous Flatbill (Rhynchocyclus olivaceus), Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens), Dusky-capped Flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer) and Yellow-backed Oriole (Icterus chrysater).

We had finally also some butterflies, including Menelaus Morpho (Morpho menelaus), two species of snakes and some beautiful flowers, as usual difficult to identify with certainty in the forest.

Golden-crowned Spadebill (Platyrinchus coronatus)
Fire-bellied Snake (Erythrolamprus epinephalus)
Quipo (Cavanillesia platanifolia)
Olivaceous Flatbill (Rhynchocyclus olivaceus)
An orchid (Sarcoglottis cfr. neglecta)
Yellow Barleria (Barleria oenotheroides)
Plantation trail
Yellow-backed Oriole (Icterus chrysater)
White-nosed Coati (Nasua narica)
Chicken Snake (Spilotes pullatus)
Philodendron sp.
Middle American Ameiva (Holcosus festivus)
Mutina Midistreak (Tmolus mutina)
Dusky-blue Groundstreak (Calycopis cfr. isobeon)
Unknown plant
Unknown plant
A damselfly (Heteragrion cfr. erythrogastrum)
Broad-billed Motmot (Electron platyrhynchum)
The main road from Panama City to Gamboa

9 – The Canopy Tower Resort and the Semaphore Hill

We didn’t sleep in the resort but, being so famous among birders, we decided to have a walk along the asphalted road that climbs the Semaphore Hill till the Canopy Tower, birding around and observing, among the others: Semiplumbeous Hawk (Leucopternis semiplumbeus), Collared Aracari (Pteroglossus torquatus), Crimson-crested Woodpecker (Campephilus melanoleucos), Swainson’s Thrush (Catharus ustulatus), Grey-headed Tanager (Eucometis penicillata), Chestnut-headed Oropendola (Psarocolius wagleri), Golden-hooded Tanager (Stilpnia larvata), Slate-colored Grosbeak (Saltator grossus) and many more.

Arrived by the resort, we couldn’t enter in the “fort”: it looked to me more a military barrack than a nice holiday accommodation, with its barbed wire above the fences, but people that slept there told me that to have a window that opens directly to the canopy, with its monkeys and iguanas, is quite an experience.

Southern Mealy Amazon (Amazona farinosa)
Rufous Motmot (Baryphthengus martii)
Semiplumbeous Hawk (Leucopternis semiplumbeus)
Black-crowned Antshrike (Thamnophilus atrinucha), female
The Canopy Tower Resort entrance
Great Tinamou (Tinamus major)
Brown-hooded Parrot (Pyrilia haematotis)
Hundreds of Mississippi Kites (Ictinia mississippiensis) on passage
Straight-lined Theope (Theope cfr. basilea)
Keel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus)

Full check-list of the bird species seen:

  1. Great Tinamou
  2. Grey-headed Chachalaca
  3. Black-bellied Whistling Duck
  4. Muscovy Duck
  5. Great Potoo
  6. Pauraque
  7. Vaux’s Swift
  8. Short-tailed Swift
  9. Long-billed Hermit
  10. White-necked Jacobin
  11. Black-throated Mango
  12. Crowned Woodnymph
  13. Violet-bellied Hummingbird
  14. Sapphire-throated Hummingbird
  15. Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
  16. Blue-chested Hummingbird
  17. Greater Ani
  18. Smooth-billed Ani
  19. Squirrel Cuckoo
  20. Scaled Pigeon
  21. Pale-vented Pigeon
  22. Short-billed Pigeon
  23. Ruddy Ground Dove
  24. White-tipped Dove
  25. Grey-chested Dove
  26. White-throated Crake
  27. Purple Gallinule
  28. Common Gallinule
  29. Limpkin
  30. Southern Lapwing
  31. Wattled Jacana
  32. Spotted Sandpiper
  33. Anhinga
  34. Rufescent Tiger Heron
  35. Green Heron
  36. Striated Heron
  37. Great Egret
  38. Little Blue Heron
  39. Turkey Vulture
  40. Black Vulture
  41. Western Osprey
  42. Grey-headed Kite
  43. Double-toothed Kite
  44. Mississippi Kite
  45. Snail Kite
  46. Crane Hawk
  47. Great Black Hawk
  48. Semiplumbeous Hawk
  49. Zone-tailed Hawk
  50. Slaty-tailed Trogon
  51. White-tailed Trogon
  52. Gartered Trogon
  53. Ringed Kingfisher
  54. Whooping Motmot
  55. Rufous Motmot
  56. Broad-billed Motmot
  57. Black-breasted Puffbird
  58. White-whiskered Puffbird
  59. Collared Aracari
  60. Keel-billed Toucan
  61. Yellow-throated Toucan
  62. Black-cheeked Woodpecker
  63. Red-crowned Woodpecker
  64. Cinnamon Woodpecker
  65. Crimson-crested Woodpecker
  66. Northern Crested Caracara
  67. Yellow-headed Caracara
  68. Orange-chinned Parakeet
  69. Brown-hooded Parrot
  70. Blue-headed Parrot
  71. Red-lored Amazon
  72. Southern Mealy Amazon
  73. Plain-brown Woodcreeper
  74. Cocoa Woodcreeper
  75. Plain Xenops
  76. Dot-winged Antwren
  77. Spot-crowned Antvireo
  78. Black-crowned Antshrike
  79. Bicolored Antbird
  80. Dusky Antbird
  81. Spotted Antbird
  82. Black-faced Antthrush
  83. Southern Beardless Tyrannulet
  84. Common Tody-flycatcher
  85. Olivaceous Flatbill
  86. Golden-crowned Spadebill
  87. Piratic Flycatcher
  88. Great Kiskadee
  89. Streaked Flycatcher
  90. Boat-billed Flycatcher
  91. Tropical Kingbird
  92. Eastern Kingbird
  93. Dusky-capped Flycatcher
  94. Great Crested Flycatcher
  95. Purple-throated Fruitcrow
  96. Blue-crowned Manakin
  97. Golden-collared Manakin
  98. Masked Tityra
  99. Speckled Mourner
  100. Red-eyed Vireo
  101. Black-chested Jay
  102. Mangrove Swallow
  103. Grey-breasted Martin
  104. Southern Rough-winged Swallow
  105. Barn Swallow
  106. Bay Wren
  107. House Wren
  108. White-breasted Wood Wren
  109. Song Wren
  110. Tropical Gnatcatcher
  111. Tropical Mockingbird
  112. Swainson’s Thrush
  113. Clay-colored Thrush
  114. Yellow-crowned Euphonia
  115. Thick-billed Euphonia
  116. Chestnut-headed Oropendola
  117. Yellow-rumped Cacique
  118. Scarlet-rumped Cacique
  119. Yellow-backed Oriole
  120. Great-tailed Grackle
  121. Northern Waterthrush
  122. Bay-breasted Warbler
  123. American Yellow Warbler
  124. Summer Tanager
  125. Scarlet Tanager
  126. Grey-headed Tanager
  127. White-shouldered Tanager
  128. Crimson-backed Tanager
  129. Lemon-rumped Tanager
  130. Blue-grey Tanager
  131. Palm Tanager
  132. Plain-colored Tanager
  133. Golden-hooded Tanager
  134. Blue Dacnis
  135. Red-legged Honeycreeper
  136. Green Honeycreeper
  137. Blue-black Grassquit
  138. Variable Seedeater
  139. Yellow-bellied Seedeater

Luca Boscain & Michela Ugazzi

2 thoughts on “A cheap way to visit one of the top birding sites in the World: Gamboa and the Soberania N.P. (Panama)

    1. Grazie mille!! Scusami ma non so che cosa sia un “professional ambientale”… io sono un naturalista!


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