Adriatic wildlife

 

The Adriatic basin hosts an interesting wildlife that mix northern influences coming through the mountains, expecially the Alps, together with Mediterranean and Eastern influences, coming along its coast from the southern sides of Italian and Balkanic peninsulas. In the same day, just driving few tens of kilometers, you can observe Ural Owl and Capercaillie in the Eastern Alps and Blue-rock Thrush and Glossy Ibis along the Trieste gulf. A great melting pot of wildlife ready to be discovered!!

Iconic species of the area can be:

Mammals

Marsican Brown Bear (Ursus arctos marsicanus), Apennine Wolf (Canis lupus italicus), European jackal (Canis aureus moreoticus), Wild Cat (Felis silvestris), Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra), Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus monachus), Red Deer (Cervus elaphus), Italian Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus italicus), Alpine Ibex (Capra ibex), Alpine Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra rupicapra), Balkan Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica), Abruzzo Chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata), Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), Alpine Mountain Hare (Lepus timidus varronis), Alpine Marmot (Marmota marmota), Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata), Roman mole (Talpa romana), Etruscan Shrew (Suncus etruscus), etc.

Birds

Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), Eurasian Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus), White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca), Short-toed Snake-eagle (Circaetus gallicus), Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus), Red-footed Falcon (Falco vespertinus), Ural Owl (Strix uralensis), Eurasian Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium passerinum), Eurasian Eagle-owl (Bubo bubo), Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), Rock Ptarmigan (Lagopus muta), Rock Partridge (Alectoris graeca), Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca), Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina), Great Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber), Collared Pratincole (Glareola pratincola), Caspian Gull (Larus cachinnans), Eurasian Bee-eater (Merops apiaster), European Roller (Coracias garrulus), Grey-headed Woodpecker (Picus canus), Middle Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos medius), Red-rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica), Alpine Accentor (Prunella collaris), Common Rock-thrush (Monticola saxatilis), Melodious Warbler (Hippolais polyglotta), Sombre Tit (Poecile lugubris), Western Rock Nuthatch (Sitta neumayer), Wallcreeper (Tichodroma muraria), Woodchat Shrike (Lanius senator), White-winged Snowfinch (Montifringilla nivalis), Italian Sparrow (Passer italiae), Alpine Citril Finch (Carduelis citrinella), Pine Bunting (Emberiza leucocephalos), Black-headed Bunting (Emberiza melanocephala), etc

Reptiles

Hermann’s Tortoise (Testudo hermanni), European Pond Terrapin (Emys orbicularis), Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta caretta), Kotschy’s Gecko (Mediodactylus kotschyi), Balkan Green Lizard (Lacerta trilineata), Dalmatian Algyroides (Algyroides nigropunctatus), Italian Wall Lizard (Podarcis siculus), Sharp-snouted Rock Lizard (Dalmatolacerta oxycephala), Mosor Rock Lizard (Dinarolacerta mosorensis), Horvath’s Rock Lizard (Iberolacerta horvathi), Dalmatian Wall Lizard (Podarcis melisellensis), Glass Lizard (Pseudopus apodus), Italian Slow Worm (Anguis veronensis), Western Whip Snake (Hierophis viridiflavus), Balkan Whip Snake (Hierophis gemonensis), Leopard Snake (Zamenis situla), Meadow Viper (Viper ursinii ursinii), Nose-horned Viper (Vipera ammodytes), etc.

Orchids

Giant Orchid (Barlia robertiana), Lady’s Slipper Orchid (Cypripedium calceolus), Summer Lady’s-tresses (Spiranthes aestivalis), False Musk Orchid (Chamorchis alpina), Marsh Helleborine (Epipactis palustris), Adriatic Lizard Orchid (Himantoglossum adriaticum), Lizard Orchid (Himantoglossum hircinum),  Bertoloni’s Bee Orchid (Ophrys bertolonii), Ophrys promontoriiOphrys sipontensis, Naked Man Orchid (Orchis italica), etc.

Butterflies

Apollo (Parnassius apollo), Italian Festoon (Zerynthia cassandra), Scarce Swallowtail (Iphiclides podalirius), Common Swallowtail (Papilio machaon), Mountain Green-veined White (Pieris bryoniae), Mountain Clouded Yellow (Colias phicomone), Large Copper (Lycaena dispar), Two-tailed Pasha (Charaxes jasus), Mountain Fritillary (Boloria napaea), Blind Ringlet (Erebia pharte), Ottoman Brassy Ringlet (Erebia ottomana), False Ringlet (Coenonympha oedippus), etc.

 

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